Tendencias de la Ayuda Oficial para el Desarrollo en AmÃ©rica Latina
Autor: Federico NegrÃ³n
El presente artÃculo analiza la evoluciÃ³n de flujos de Ayuda Oficial para le Desarrollo (AOD) hacia AmÃ©rica Latina a travÃ©s de un anÃ¡lisis cuantitativo desagregado por paÃses receptores y donantes.
Asimismo, afirma que la agenda del sistema de la cooperaciÃ³n internacional ha cambiado a la luz del nuevo escenario econÃ³mico y geopolÃtico mundial. Elementos como la seguridad, la disminuciÃ³n de la extrema pobreza y los bienes pÃºblicos globales dominan el actual escenario de la AOD internacional. Este nuevo escenario repercutirÃ¡ en los flujos de ayuda externa para AmÃ©rica Latina, regiÃ³n que no es vista como prioritaria en algunos puntos de la agenda antes seÃ±alados.
Para leer el artÃculo completo haga click aquÃ
Hacia una estructura financiera regional
Autor: Dr Oscar Ugarteche
La arquitectura financiera internacional estÃ¡ sufriendo cambios importantes. Hay debates que se llevan a cabo en Asia y AmÃ©rica Latina, ademÃ¡s de Europa y medio oriente, sobre la importancia y relevancia de las instituciones financieras regionales dada la debilidad del dÃ³lar norteamericano, la inutilidad de las instituciones financieras internacionales (IFIs) y la muy urgente necesidad de tener instituciones mÃ¡s cercanas a la poblaciÃ³n, mÃ¡s democrÃ¡ticas y transparentes, y que estÃ©n menos sujetas a las agendas de un gobierno.
Para algunos es un complemento para las IFIs, para otros es un cambio de rumbo. La evidencia apunta en la direcciÃ³n de un gran cambio alejÃ¡ndose de las instituciones centradas en Washington que se han debilitado, perdido ingresos, credibilidad y legitimidad.
El autor hace una revisiÃ³n de las mÃ¡s relevantes iniciativas que aparecieron como alternativa a las IFIs: la Iniciativa Chiang Mai en Asia, el Banco del Sur y las propuestas de regionalizaciÃ³n en Latino AmÃ©rica y la ampliaciÃ³n de la UniÃ³n Europea
To read the full paper, click here
Make Poverty History Evaluation
Consultants Firetail have released an evaluation report on the Make Poverty History campaign.
Firetail interviewed politicians, special advisors, activists, journalists and academics in an effort to see what had made a difference and why.
You can read the Executive Summary here and the full report here.
The Air Ticket Levy gets praise from Stamp Out Poverty
A message from Stamp Out Poverty:
The Air Ticket Levy - the first tax specifically dedicated to fighting global poverty - has just been agreed at a meeting of Ministers in Paris and is set to start producing revenue in July. France alone will generate in the region of 200 million euro. The French Government insist that the revenue will be additional to current ODA commitments. 12 countries in total (listed below) have agreed 'to implement the international air-ticket solidarity contribution'. For Stamp Out Poverty the Air Ticket Levy (ATL) may only be producing modest funds but it is a stepping stone, setting an important precedent in respect of additional development financing initiatives.
The Guardian published a piece on Monday about this historic conference and the progress that has been made in an article showing great support for our flagship campaign for a stamp duty on currency transactions. To read the article, click here.
Below please find a short report of the 'Paris Conference on Innovative Financing for Development'.
On 28 February/ 1 March 2006, ninety-three states met in Paris for the ministerial conference on Innovative Financing for Development rallying support from the international community to go further to meet the Millennium Development Goals by 2015.
President Jacques Chirac opened the conference stating that "despite the continuous increase in global wealth, a third of humankind still lives on less than a euro a day," and that "...globalisation, far from bridging the (poverty) gap, is widening it even further". He declared the intention to implement an airline-ticket solidarity levy in France to raise more than 200 million euros annually starting 1 July 2006. France is proposing "to ear-mark the proceeds...for an International Drug Purchase Facility to combat such pandemics as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria, which are ravaging developing countries".
The 12 countries that have agreed to implement the international airline-ticket levy are: Brazil, Chile, Congo, Cyprus, Ivory Coast, France, Jordan, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Mauritius, Nicaragua and Norway.
The UK is conspicuous by its absence from this group. Although the UK already has an Air Passenger Duty it seems that the French and the UK Governments have not yet found a way to financially back each otherâ€™s proposals. I attach the communiquÃ© between the two Governments released at the Ministerial. Reference to France supporting IFFIm (the pilot financing facility for immunisation) is not from ATL funds but from traditional ODA, and is an old pledge. The UK states its support for Franceâ€™s International Drug Purchase Facility but doesnâ€™t state when and by how much it will give a financial contribution.
On the second day of the conference, 4 very well-attended seminars took place on different potential instruments for innovative financing (other than the airline-ticket levy) including the International Finance Facility (IFF) and IFFIm, taxing financial transactions and reducing tax evasion, a humanitarian lottery, and facilitating and lowering remittance costs for migrant workers. Stamp Out Poverty dominated the seminar on â€˜taxing financial transactions and tax evasionâ€™ with both Sony Kapoor and Avinash Persaud speaking to an audience of more than 300 people. We widely disseminated our â€˜Sterling Solutionâ€™ report, launched in November of last year (written by Avinash Persaud's think-tank â€˜Intelligence Capitalâ€™), which expertly shows how a Currency Transaction Tax (CTT) can be plumbed into the financial system and how payment of a CTT cannot be avoided.
An important outcome, stated in the Chair's Summary document of the conference, is that a further â€˜Forum on Innovative Financing for Development Sourcesâ€™ has been scheduled for 2007.
Stamp Out Poverty ~ Co-ordinator
Trilateral Development Cooperation: An Emerging Trend
Under the MDGs, the international community has set itself the target of reducing global poverty by half by the year 2015. This paper by Pradeep S Mehta and Nitya Nanda from the CUTS Centre for International Trade, Economics & Environment (India) explores a new route to achieving this - â€˜trilateral development cooperationâ€™ where aid is channelled through institutions in third countries for being applied to development projects in poor countries